TUNA (CANE FLEET)
The cane tuna fishery in Ecuador is cconsidered a sustainable fishing gear due to its high selectivity of mature specimens and very low levels of bycatch.
Currently the fleet is made up of 6 operational ships.
The main catch species are: yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) and bigeye (Thunnus obesus) and use as live bait the smaller pelagic species Chumumo (Anchoa nasus) / chuhueco (Cetengraulis mysticetus).
The monthly catch volumes are approximately 40 tonnes of which 70% is yellowfin tuna and 30% bigeye.
Currently the fishery is looking for a Fair Trade certification and in a future MSC. Its main limitations are the handling of the bait and the post-capture management.
Dorado is one of the main catch species of the artisanal and longline industrial fleet.
The artisanal fishery in Ecuador is distributed in more than 200 fishing coves and generated direct employment for more than 57,000 people.
The fleet is dedicated to the fishing of dorado and other large pelagic resources such as billfish and tuna.
The catch of dorado represents 65% of the total catch of the artisanal fleet.
During 2017, the specific fishing for dorado (Coryphaena hippurus) was 6,153.23 tonnes which represented about 50% of the catch of this fleet.
DORADO (MAHI MAHI)
TUNA (FENCE NETWORK FLEET)
It is the most important in economic terms and employment generation of the fishing sector.
The Ecuadorian fleet is the largest in the Eastern Pacific Ocean (OPO) with 116 vessels and the country has the largest processing capacity of tuna and by-products in the EPO.
The main catch species are skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis), yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) and bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus).
Industries process around 500,000 metric tons of raw fish per year, of which 80% is destined for the external market and 20% for local consumption, generating in 2017 an income from exports of more than one billion dollars.